Goodman J. 2018. Conservation, ecology and management of transient galxiids and white bait fisheries: a summary of current knowledge and information gaps. Wellington, New Zealand. Department of Conservation. www.doc.govt.nz/globalassets/documents/conservation/land-and-freshwater/freshwater/conservation-ecology-and-management-of-migratory-galaxiids.pdf The planned changes are consistent with the Government`s commitment to protect, preserve and restore our natural heritage and biodiversity. They address identified issues and emphasize practicality and common sense, after two years of engagement, including consultations on proposed regulations, which attracted more than 11,500 submissions. „Knowing the rules will allow for a better time by the river and will help reduce pressure on white bait species, especially those that are most threatened. We will also look at the number of fishers and the nature of their fishing activities. Our goal is to further improve white bait management in the long term.

Better information will help us do that. New Zealanders` views on white bait management (PDF, 5,479K) Moody said Commerce would conduct a survey to get feedback on the quality of the white baiter fishing experience this year. Our goal is to ensure that there are healthy populations of white bait and that people can continue to practice white bait in the long term. It is part of an ongoing engagement process to improve fishing practices to ensure the fairness and sustainability of lime baiting in Aotearoa, New Zealand. This review of white bait management began in 2018. We received over 11,500 submissions to the discussion paper. Contributions to the consultation showed great interest in the sustainability of bait fishing. Previously, most of the white baiting season in New Zealand ran from August 15 to November 30, while the west coast season ran from September 1 to November 14. Public participation, especially those closely related to white bait, is crucial.

„We are asking everyone involved in bait this season to fish without structures from shore. This creates a level playing field for all those fishing in the community and avoids taking action under the Resource Management Act (RMA). „The changes will better align practices across the country, improve the long-term sustainability of fisheries and support low-volume recreational fishers. They do not affect normal fishing rights. DOC does not manage white bait stocks. They are managed by regional councils under the authority of the Resource Management Act.DOC released a summary of current knowledge on white bait conservation in June 2018: I have been fishing for bait here in Greymouth for over 60 years and the joy I derive from this hobby is immense. I have some ideas about preserving my own species that would be fairly easy to implement. 1 the same season length nationally, although I would like to see from September 14 to November 14 2 Prohibition of traps in all nets This would mean that a person would have to empty their net after each catch, allowing fish on 3 prohibited sock nets to pass the river rapists. They are only there for lazy fishermen. 4 stern stakes on all rivers maximum 2 kilometres from the mouth 5 shovel nets with a maximum depth of 2 metres Install nets with a maximum depth of 1 metre 6 Fishermen should not be allowed to paint natural features (rocks) to assist in the detection of white bait, but manually deployed observers may be used, but no floating devices to scare the white bait to shore I do not believe that we should stop selling white bait, because it is and should remain a characteristic dish of tourists in our restaurants, especially here on the coast, although I recognize that some people earn a good income without paying taxes, so places, Serve white bait, it is necessary to prove the origin of this catch like other fishmongers. The other thing that needs to be sorted is the length of the screens that can be used with laid nets.

I believe that these measures would be easy to implement with very little fear, although I am aware that banning socknets will be a bone of contention for commercial fishermen. As the West Coast white bait season wraps up this Sunday, Forest & Bird reminds everyone of the new rules for 2022 and calls for reasonable management measures to save our endangered native fish. Next year, the Department of Conservation will shorten the baiting season to 60 days (about 2 months) for the whole country, compared to 75 days on the west coast and 108 days in the rest of New Zealand (excluding the Chatham Islands). „It`s important for people to know why these changes are being made. Our white bait species are in serious trouble and threatened with extinction,“ said Annabeth Cohen, freshwater advocate for Forest & Bird. „A shorter season is a step in the right direction, but it won`t be enough to save native freshwater fish.“ „These endangered fish are moving up their life cycles, and for the past two months they have been avoiding nets without any catch restrictions, including commercial fishing,“ Cohen says. „It`s a terrible way to treat endangered native species.“ „The changes made by Commerce and the Minister of Nature Conservation are woefully inadequate. Endangered native fish species, such as shortjawed kōkopu and kōaro, can be caught without catch restrictions, fishing licenses, or data collection. A number of small changes to white bait fishing will be implemented by the Department of Conservation over three years: „Although fishing pressure is a contributing factor, habitat loss, environmental degradation, obstructed passage of fish through river systems, loss of spawning grounds and introduced fish species also affect the number of bait birds,“ Verrall said. The harbour smelt is also a native fish that is part of the bait catch, but is not a galaxiid species and is not classified as endangered. All white baitfish are „diadromous“ – they spend part of their lives in fresh water and part of their lives at sea.

Each species reaches a different size, has a different lifespan and a different reproductive pattern. If allowed to grow, some species can grow up to 60 cm long, while others can live and swim for more than a decade to clean up fast-paced habitats in mountain streams. White bait faces a range of threats and pressures, including habitat loss and degradation, poor water quality, obstruction of fish passage through river systems, and fishing pressure. As a result, four of the six white bait species are considered threatened or endangered. As a national delicacy, white baits play an important role in our ecosystem and culture. It is also an important traditional source of kai for Maori. Protect the environment and follow the rules this white baiting season. We chose sites next to national parks because they have high-quality habitats for adult fish. Healthy sites can support more white bait. Non-native species (especially rainbow trout and brown trout), habitat loss or degradation, and reduced connectivity can negatively impact white bait. However, the relative impact of each of these threats is not well understood.

In addition, there is a lack of knowledge on some basic demographic processes, such as life cycle mortality rates, spawning grounds and behaviour of all species except īnanga, the ecology of the marine larval phase of all species and the spatio-temporal structure of stocks. To make matters worse, some of these processes vary from species to species. For example, giant kōkopu have slow growth and long lifespan, while īnanga usually complete their life cycle within one year. To make informed conservation decisions, we need to have a good understanding of the population dynamics of each species. There is an immediate need to quantify these unknown processes. More white bait refugees in the flowing waters of Abel Tasman and Fiordland national parks will help protect white bait populations, as will white bait refugees already on the West Coast. The 2020 consultation helped us revise the rules for white bait fishing. These changes improve national consistency and update the rules. Commerce encourages white bait to familiarize themselves with the new rules, which include changes to fishing gear and distances along the river (file image).

Photo: These arrangements will not affect Maori`s regular fishing rights and represent an important step towards better management of white bait and sustainable fishing practices. White bait regulations were last revised in the 1990s and Verrall said the changes are long overdue. These white bait regulations are governed by the Conservation Act, which does not affect Maori fishing rights. No changes have been made to the provisions relating to normal fishing rights. While there are many gaps in our knowledge about white bait, discoveries are constantly being made, including: If you wish to contact us, you can send us an email: whitebait@doc.govt.nz This involved public participation to improve white bait management and ensure a sustainable white bait fishery. The commitment showed strong support for regulatory changes. White bait is the juvenile fish of six species of fish. Four of New Zealand`s six white bait species are classified as vulnerable or threatened. Moody said the DOC is also working to improve bait fisheries management. We have documented the views of the task force and the public in a report outlining issues and options for the management of white bait. The report was reviewed by the Minister of Nature Conservation and helped guide our next steps. These amendments to the Regulations do not include all recommendations.

We will explore future management options as better data is collected. Better management of white bait is needed to secure the future of species and fisheries in Aotearoa, New Zealand. Commerce is gradually reviewing white bait regulations to ensure that white bait thrives and that white bait remains a fair and sustainable activity for current and future generations.