President Obama appointed Judge Jackson vice chair of the U.S. Sentencing Commission in 2009, and she was confirmed in 2010 with bipartisan support. Before becoming a judge, Justice Jackson followed in the footsteps of her mentor, Justice Breyer, by serving on the U.S. Sentencing Commission. The commission, which President Biden fought to create as a member of the U.S. Senate, is bipartisan. His job was to reduce wrongful differences in convictions and ensure that federal sanctions were fair and proportionate. President Biden conducted a rigorous process to identify Justice Breyer`s successor. As longtime chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, the president took seriously the constitutional requirement that he make the appointment „by and with the advice and consent of the Senate“ and sought the advice of senators from both parties.
He studied the history and records of the candidates and consulted with legal experts. The confirmation of exceptionally qualified judicial candidates with diverse backgrounds and experience has been one of the President`s top priorities since taking office. The President of the United States nominates someone for a vacancy on the Supreme Court, and then the U.S. Senate votes to confirm the nominee. Most presidents appoint people who broadly share their ideological views.  In many cases, however, a judge`s decisions may conflict with what the president who proposed the appointment expected. A famous example is Chief Justice Earl Warren; President Dwight D. Eisenhower expected him to be a conservative judge, but his decisions are arguably among the most liberal in the court`s history. Eisenhower later called the appointment „the biggest foolish mistake I have ever made.“  Another justice whose decisions contradicted his ideology was David Souter, who was appointed to the Supreme Court by President George H.
W. Bush in 1990. Many pundits and politicians at the time expected Souter to be a conservative; However, after he became a judge, his views were generally on the liberal side of the political spectrum. George Washington holds the record for the most appointments to the Supreme Court with 14 appointments (12 of which have been confirmed). The second highest number of nominations was made by Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Tyler with nine each (all nine were confirmed by Roosevelt, while only one was confirmed by Tyler). Four presidents — William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, Andrew Johnson and Jimmy Carter — did not make appointments because there were no vacancies during their tenure, and there were no vacancies during the current administration of Joe Biden. The appointment, confirmation, and appointment of justices to the U.S. Supreme Court involves several steps set forth in the U.S. Constitution, which have been refined and developed over decades of tradition. Nominees are nominated by the President of the United States and face a series of hearings during which the nominee and other witnesses testify and answer questions before the Senate Judiciary Committee, which can vote to send the nomination to the entire U.S. Senate.
 Senate confirmation allows the president to formally nominate the nominee to the court.  The Constitution does not establish qualifications to serve as a judge, so the President may appoint any person to sit on the Court. In 1960, the Senate passed a resolution stating that it was of the view that appointments to the Supreme Court should only be made in exceptional circumstances.  As a resolution, it is not legally binding, but was intended to express the Senate`s position and guide the action of the executive. The resolution passed by 48 votes to 37, mostly along party lines.  As lawyers and others who have held appointed positions in Republican administrations or who hold conservative political or legal views, we are writing to demand prompt confirmation from Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson to serve on the Supreme Court. Many of us know her personally, have appeared before her, or served with her in legal organizations. While some of us may disagree with some of the positions she has taken as a judge, we agree that she is exceptionally qualified because of her vast experience, proven abilities, and personal traits of intelligence and character.
In fact, we believe that their consensual confirmation would strengthen the Court and the nation in important ways. At this point, one person has „taken the necessary steps to become a member of the Court“. As of October 2018, 126 candidates had been confirmed and appointed to the Court. Of these, seven rejected their commission or died (in one case) before taking office and are not considered Supreme Court justices.  Many of us and our colleagues interacted with Justice Jackson and found that she possessed incredible intelligence, excellent legal skills and a commitment to the highest ethical and professional standards. Throughout her career, she has fostered compassion, dignity and respect for all parties. As her eight years in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia demonstrate, Justice Jackson is a fair and impartial lawyer. She has authored more than 560 court decisions and has decided her fair share of complex legal issues in a way that has significantly advanced the legal profession and our understanding of constitutional principles. Her decisions are always well-reasoned and thoughtful, and she is particularly willing to take on the role of appellate counsel. The Constitution states that judges „shall perform their duties in good conduct,“ meaning that accredited judges may serve until death.
Judges may also resign or retire, and either of these circumstances will result in a vacancy in the position to be filled. Since judges serve indeterminate terms, the timing of future vacancies is unpredictable. In September 1971, Justices Hugo Black and John Marshall Harlan II retired, leaving two vacancies filled respectively by Lewis Powell and William Rehnquist in January 1972. On the other hand, it sometimes happens that several years elapse between successive vacancies. In August 1994, the retirement of Harry Blackmun created a vacancy, which was filled by Stephen Breyer. Until September 2005, Rehnquist, who had since been promoted to Chief Justice, did not lose another vacancy on the Court. This vacancy was filled by current Chief Justice John Roberts. Like associate judges, the President of the Supreme Court is appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. The Chief Justice is not required to act as an associate judge, but 5 of the 17 chief justices were associate judges of the Court before becoming Chief Justice. 5. The Judiciary Committee votes on the appointment and forwards its recommendation to the Senate as a whole.
This recommendation will be either confirmed or rejected. Otherwise, no recommendation can be made. The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States. The court, established by Article III of the Constitution, was established on 1. The United States Congress organized by the Judiciary Act of 1789, which established its jurisdiction in first instance and appeal, created 13 judicial districts, and set the size of the Supreme Court at six, with a chief justice and five associate justices.  During the 19th century, Congress changed the size of the Court seven times, concluding with the Judiciary Act of 1869, which established that the Court was composed of the Chief Justice and eight associate judges.  There are other ways in which an appointment can be derailed before the final vote in the Senate.